The Judiciary of Bangladesh
consists of a Supreme Court, subordinate courts and tribunals.
The Supreme Court of Bangladesh comprises of the Appellate
Division and the High Court Division. It is the apex Court
of the country and other Courts and Tribunals are subordinate
The Appellate Division shall have Jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from judgments, decrees, orders or sentences of the High Court Division. It has rule making power for regulating the practice and procedure of each division and of any Court subordinate to it.
The High Court Division,
though a Division of the Supreme Court, is for all practical
purposes, an independent court with its powers, functions
and jurisdictions well defined and determined under the
Constitution and different laws. It has both appellate as
well as original jurisdiction. It hears appeals from orders,
decrees and judgments of subordinate courts and tribunals.
It has original jurisdiction to hear Writ Applications under
article 102 of the Constitution, which is known as extra
ordinary constitutional jurisdiction. It has further original
jurisdiction, inter alia, in respect of company and admiralty
matters under statutes. The High Court Division, in special
circumstances, has also powers and jurisdiction to hear
and dispose of cases as the court of first instance under
article 101 of the Constitution. The High Court Division
shall have Superintendence and control over all Courts and
tribunals subordinate to it.